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Harmful Effects of Excessive Sugar Consumption

Harmful Effects of Sugar Sugar in the form of sucrose (table sugar), dextrose (corn sugar) and high fructose corn syrup is used in many processed foods such as bread, biscuits, breakfast cereal, mayonnaise, ketchup and different microwave meals. So apart from the sugar that we use to sweeten our daily tea and coffee, we do get a regular dosage of it through different food articles of daily consumption. It is definitely a well known flavoring agent that lends taste to many eatables. But when the consumption of sugar laden products increases, the harmful effects are far more serious in long run than what we usually anticipate. It is commonly agreed that excessive sugar consumption is not good for health. But the actual effects of sugar need to be understood to realize the gravity of the problems caused by it.

Tooth decay is one of the most known problem associated with harmful effects of sugar. Bacteria in plaque (the sticky coating on the teeth) react with sugar to produce harmful acids that cause dental caries. The harmful effects of sugar also lead to periodontal disease (bleeding gums). Indeed excessive intake of sugar contributes to a weakened defense against bacterial infections of all kinds.

The most typical problem caused by excessive consumption of sugar is that it raises the insulin level which in turn depresses the immunity system of the body. Insulin also promotes the storage of fat and it is for this reason that a diet rich in sweets and desserts often leads to weight gain by most people. Sugar itself causes a significant rise in triglycerides (a form of fat in blood stream ) The weight gain or obesity is further related to cardiovascular diseases and increases the risk of coronary heart disease. The increase in systolic blood pressure is largely attributed to excessive sugar consumption. The harmful effects of sugar in the bloodstream also include calcium loss through urine, which over an extended period of time may result in osteoporosis.

Consumption of excessive sugar is seen to cause anxiety, problems in concentration, depression and irritability in some individuals. People with unstable blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia can suffer from a variety of psychological disorders.

Some other effects of sugar due to excessive intake may be summarized as follows:
  • It can cause kidney damage.
  • It decreases the growth hormone production, thereby causing problems in muscular growth.
  • It speeds up the aging process, causing wrinkles and gray hair.
  • It may increase your chances of developing Crohn's Disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Excessive intake of sugar can increase the occurrence of gallstones.
  • It often lowers the ability of enzymes to function properly that reduces the rate of metabolic activities in the body.
  • In females, excessive sugar can aggravate the symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
The harmful effects of sugar as described here are some of the commonly observed problems associated with excessive consumption of artificial sugar. Like salt, sugar is certainly required in our daily foods to add a dash of taste. However, this “flavoring agent” should not become an addiction and must always be used in moderate quantities. The natural fructose present in fresh fruits is a healthier alternative when you really want to fulfill an extra craving for sugar.
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